Conjunctivitis – commonly referred to as “pink eye” or “red eye” – is caused by the inflammation of the conjunctiva. The conjunctiva is the thin and clear membrane which lies over the white part of the eye and inner eyelid. As the common names infer, the inflammation leads to redness in these areas.
Conjunctivitis is caused by the spread of certain types of bacteria and viruses, and can be contagious in nature. The most common types of conjunctivitis are:
Like most other bacterial infections, this is treated using prescribed oral or topical antibiotics. Additional symptoms are managed with topical treatments and over-the-counter medications.
Due to its nature, only proper symptom management can help to cure viral conjunctivitis. Eye drops, topical treatments and over-the-counter medications can assist in relieving symptoms while your body fights off the virus.
Effective treatment for allergic conjunctivitis is dependent on proper symptom management and the removal or avoidance of allergens from the immediate environment.